The cannabis grow bible : the definitive guide to growing marijuana for recreational and medical use / by Greg Green.

Main Author: Green, Greg,
Published: [San Francisco, California] : Green Candy Press, [2017]
Edition: 3rd edition.
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Summary

The most comprehensive guide to marijuana gardening ever written is back with all new information and updated advice for cannabis enthusiasts. Over 200 additional pages of all new information are included in this book, from all new lighting equipment and techniques, to highly advanced cannabinoid extraction techniques and detailed, step-by-step gardening guides for novice and professional growers alike.

This book contains over 700 pages, with all new photos and step-by-step guides to every aspect of marijuana horticulture, plant breeding, and hash production. Featuring a handy quick start guide at the beginning to allow growers to get started right away, and hone their techniques as they read the later chapters in more detail. The biggest, most comprehensive, and straightforward guide to marijuana horticulture ever published.


Table of Contents

Preface

p. ix

Sampling Marijuana

p. xv

Chapter 1A Quick Start Guide

p. 1

Indoor Quick Starting

p. 5

Outdoor Quick Starting

p. 11

Chapter 2The Cannabis Plant

p. 15

Coevolution

p. 15

How Old is Cannabis?

p. 16

Cannabis Consumption

p. 16

Cannabis Adaptations

p. 17

Cannabis Paleobotany

p. 19

Landrace Cannabis

p. 20

Cannabis and Modern Law

p. 22

Feral Cannabis

p. 22

THC

p. 23

THC Levels and THC Quantities

p. 23

Medical Cannabis

p. 24

Cannabinoids

p. 25

More on Levels and Yields

p. 26

THC Test Kits

p. 27

Hemp

p. 28

Anatomy of a Trichome

p. 30

CBD Strains

p. 31

Resin

p. 31

Hash

p. 31

The Plant

p. 32

Cannabis Species

p. 35

The History of the Scientific Classification of Cannabis

p. 35

Species

p. 36

Pre-Darwin Cannabis Classification

p. 37

Post-Darwin

p. 38

Cannabis Taxonomy for Scientists and Researchers

p. 40

Scientific Cannabis Taxonomy

p. 41

Breeders' Strain Type Terminology

p. 41

Strain List

p. 44

Cannabis Reproduction

p. 47

Understanding Sex Determination Systems

p. 47

Dioecious, Monoecious, and Hermaphrodites

p. 48

Advanced Sinsemilla Facts

p. 50

Sex Determination

p. 51

Breeding for Desirable Traits

p. 56

General Cannabis Morphology

p. 56

Leaf Types

p. 57

The Life Cycle of the Cannabis Plant

p. 58

The Three Main Pure Types of Cannabis

p. 59

Let's Get Growing

p. 64

What to Know Before You Grow

p. 67

Chapter 3Seeds: Selection, Banks, and Storage

p. 69

How Many Good Strains?

p. 69

What's a Hybrid?

p. 70

What is Ruderalis?

p. 71

Indica or Sativa?

p. 73

Harvesting Seeds

p. 74

Selecting Seeds

p. 75

Medical Equivalents of High Types

p. 76

Seeds and Flowering Periods (Photoperiod)

p. 77

How to Get Seeds

p. 78

How Do You Choose a GOOD Seed Bank

p. 79

Choosing a Seed Bank

p. 82

Storing Seeds

p. 85

Long-Term Storage

p. 85

Germplasm

p. 86

Transporting Seeds

p. 87

Chapter 4Germination and Propagation

p. 89

What is Propagation?

p. 89

Propagation Logistics

p. 90

Germination Techniques

p. 92

Seed Towel Propagation

p. 94

Cannabis Seed Morphology

p. 95

Cannabis Seed Germination

p. 96

Cannabis Seed Functions

p. 96

Dangers When Germinating Seeds

p. 97

Parts of a Seedling

p. 98

Transplanting Seedlings

p. 99

Transplanting

p. 101

Transplanting a Plant

p. 103

Transplant Shock

p. 105

Troubleshooting Germination and Propagation

p. 106

Root Bound Plants

p. 107

Chapter 5The Great Divide: Indoors or Outdoors

p. 111

Natural Light

p. 111

Gardening Tools

p. 112

Natural Indoor Growing

p. 113

Outdoor Growing

p. 116

Planning for Outdoor Growing and Guerrilla Farming

p. 116

Guerrilla Farming

p. 117

Security

p. 117

Indoor Security

p. 119

Lock It Up!

p. 120

Fires

p. 121

Outdoor Security

p. 122

Guerrilla Growing Security

p. 124

Chapter 6Organic Growing

p. 129

Brief History of Organic Cultivation

p. 131

Basic Organics

p. 132

Let's Get Growing Organically

p. 136

Organic Soil Garden

p. 138

Nutrient Meters/TDS Meters

p. 141

Crop Rotation

p. 141

Compost

p. 141

Aerobic Decomposition

p. 142

Organic Compost

p. 143

Layers in a Compost Heap

p. 144

Compost Bins

p. 145

Compost Tea

p. 146

Mulch

p. 147

Aerated Teas for Living Soil Blends

p. 148

Worm Composting

p. 153

Vermicomposting

p. 155

Humus

p. 156

Coir Blocks

p. 156

Organic Weeding

p. 156

Controlling Pests

p. 156

Organic Feeding Products

p. 156

Slow Release Systems

p. 156

Fast Release Systems

p. 157

Vegetative and Flowering Organics

p. 158

Best Practices

p. 159

Large Scale Organic Cultivation

p. 160

Organics and Hydroponics

p. 164

Rules for Organic Growing

p. 165

Chapter 7The Indoor Growing Environment

p. 167

Indoor Lights

p. 168

Bulbs

p. 171

Color Bands and Plant Growth

p. 172

Correlated Color Temperature

p. 173

Color Rendering Index

p. 174

Basics of Photosynthesis

p. 175

Seedling Lighting

p. 177

Clone or Small Plant Lighting

p. 178

Vegetative Plant and Clone Mother Plant Lighting

p. 178

Flowering Plant Lighting

p. 179

Peace Naturals Grow Room

p. 180

Common Lighting Types

p. 182

High Intensity Discharge Lights

p. 189

Metal Halide (MH) and Mercury Vapor (MV) Lights

p. 190

High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) Lights

p. 191

HID Wattage and Lumens

p. 191

Lumens and Marijuana Growing

p. 191

The General Illumination Formula

p. 192

Questions to Ask When Buying a Lighting Kit

p. 193

HID Bulb Brand Comparison

p. 194

What to Look for When Buying a Lighting Kit

p. 195

How to Get the Most from Your Lighting System

p. 196

White and Mylar

p. 197

Spare Bulbs

p. 199

Electrical Warnings

p. 199

Adjusting Your Lights

p. 199

Overgrowing

p. 200

Temperatures

p. 201

24/0 and 18/6-The Vegetative Photoperiod

p. 201

Lamp Efficiency in Lumens

p. 202

Maintain the Photoperiods

p. 202

Electrical Costs

p. 203

Lamp Efficiency for MH and HPS

p. 204

Sample Comparison of Wattage and Lumens

p. 205

Advanced Lighting

p. 207

How HID Works

p. 207

How HPS Works

p. 209

A Short Word on LEDs

p. 211

Soil

p. 211

Common Soil Types

p. 212

pH

p. 214

Nutrients

p. 215

Mixing Soils and Soil Ratios

p. 216

Understanding the NPK Ratio

p. 217

Pots

p. 218

Chapter 8Indoor Environmental Control

p. 221

Nutrient Control

p. 221

Basic Feeding Plan

p. 223

Vegetative Growth

p. 224

Pre-Flowering Maturity and Flowering

p. 226

Starting Balanced or Not

p. 226

No Magic Formula

p. 227

pH Checking

p. 227

Classic Nutrient Types

p. 227

Secondary Nutrient Deficiencies

p. 229

Common Mg Problems

p. 229

Breeding Specialization

p. 230

Image and Deficiency

p. 230

Nutrient Disorder List

p. 230

Testing Nutrients

p. 234

Feeding

p. 234

pH Control

p. 238

Water pH

p. 239

Making a Travel pH Tester

p. 242

Water Control

p. 243

Air Control

p. 245

Odor Control

p. 246

Build Your Own Carbon Air Filter

p. 249

Ventilation

p. 251

Active Venting

p. 252

Filters

p. 252

Fans

p. 252

Humidity

p. 253

Temperature

p. 254

Timers

p. 256

CO 2 (Carbon Dioxide)

p. 256

Climate Controllers

p. 260

Soil Flushing

p. 261

Clean and Store

p. 263

Making the Most of Experimental Trials

p. 265

Chapter 9Pre-flowering and Flowering

p. 267

Failure Rates

p. 267

Lateral Branching

p. 269

Pre-Flowering and Early Sexing

p. 273

Checking for Calyx Development

p. 273

Early Sexing Methods

p. 275

When to Flower

p. 276

The All-important 12/12

p. 278

Plant Traits

p. 279

Stop Light Leaks

p. 280

Hermaphrodite

p. 281

Problems with 12/12

p. 281

Pre-flowering for the 24/0 and the 18/6 Photoperiods

p. 282

Flowering Sex Determination-Male or Female?

p. 283

Pre-flowers: females

p. 284

Pre-flowers: males

p. 285

Bracts are not Calyx Development

p. 287

Male Flowering

p. 287

Pollen

p. 288

Flowering

p. 289

Dehumidification

p. 291

Stressing for Production

p. 292

Roots

p. 293

Chapter 10Advanced Indoor Grow Methods

p. 295

Are We Really Soil-Based?

p. 297

Why Not One Pot for Many Plants?

p. 298

The Important Cannabis Canopy

p. 298

Preparing the "Special Clone Mother"

p. 300

To SOG or ScrOG?

p. 304

SOG (Sea of Green)

p. 305

ScrOG

p. 310

ScrOG Growing by Real High

p. 310

Some Notes on SOG and ScrOG Growing

p. 314

Sweet Seeds® Micro ScrOG

p. 318

Sweet Seeds® Guide To Plant Bending

p. 324

Tent/Cabinet Growing

p. 326

Closet Growing

p. 327

Customizing Advanced Set Ups

p. 331

Expert Gardening Tech

p. 332

Space Buckets

p. 333

Space Bucket Lighting

p. 334

Space Bucket DIY 101

p. 335

Preparing the Growth Chamber

p. 337

Lighting Configuration

p. 338

Airflow Installation

p. 341

Height Stacking Spacers

p. 341

Growing in a Space Bucket

p. 342

Open DIY Community

p. 342

Automated Space Buckets

p. 342

Training Techniques

p. 342

Airflow Options for Buckets

p. 343

Controlling Heat

p. 343

Chapter 11Hydroponics

p. 344

Two Types of Hydroponics

p. 347

The Grower and the Growing Medium

p. 348

The Benefits of Hydroponics

p. 348

Basic Hydroponic Systems

p. 349

DIY Hydroponics

p. 349

Additional DIY Parts

p. 349

Sizing

p. 350

Roots and Air

p. 351

What to Know Before You Grow

p. 356

What System to Select

p. 357

Manual NFT System

p. 357

Nutrient Film Technique

p. 358

Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)

p. 358

Flood and Drain/Ebb and Flow

p. 361

Ebb and Flow System

p. 362

An Ebb and Flow System

p. 364

Wick System

p. 369

Wick

p. 369

How to Build a DIY Wick System

p. 370

Gravity System

p. 372

Gravity

p. 372

Drip Irrigation

p. 373

Drip Irrigation System

p. 373

Automatic Hydroponic Pots and Manual Hydroponic Pots

p. 376

Aeroponics

p. 376

Commercial Pot

p. 377

Aeroponic System

p. 378

DWC/The Bubbler

p. 380

Setting Up the Hydroponic Environment

p. 381

The Bubble Bucket

p. 382

Hydroponic Nutrients

p. 384

Preparing Nutrient Solutions

p. 386

Hydroponic pH

p. 387

Algae

p. 387

Grow and Bloom

p. 387

Controlling the Hydroponics Environment

p. 388

Hydroponic Grow Chamber

p. 390

Affordable Hydroponics

p. 392

Lighting and Hydroponics

p. 393

Chapter 12Outdoor Growing

p. 395

Time Zones

p. 396

Growing from Seed

p. 397

Growing from Clone

p. 397

Research Your Strain First

p. 398

Patch Basics

p. 399

The Elements

p. 399

Collateral Damage Planning

p. 399

Weeds

p. 400

Seeds Outdoors

p. 400

Transplanting

p. 401

Duck's Foot Cannabis

p. 402

Outdoor Cultivation in Africa

p. 404

Soil

p. 406

Watering

p. 406

Polymer Crystals

p. 407

Irrigation

p. 407

Preparing a Plot

p. 408

Rainwater and Resins

p. 410

Pests and Fungi

p. 410

Advanced Patch Care

p. 410

Guerrilla Outdoor Growing

p. 411

Outdoor Cannabis Gardens From the Air

p. 412

Outdoor Challenges

p. 414

Caring for Outdoor Plants

p. 416

Advanced Weeding

p. 416

Outdoor Cultivation in Australia

p. 417

Visit Weeding

p. 419

Autumn Clearing

p. 419

Advanced Outdoor Watering

p. 420

Adding Nutrients

p. 422

Air Pruning

p. 422

Outdoor Flowering and the Photoperiod

p. 424

Chapter 13Caring for Mature Cannabis Plants

p. 427

Don't Remove Any Healthy Leaves

p. 427

Types of Plant Manipulation

p. 428

Light Bending (Phototropism)

p. 428

Pruning for Yield

p. 431

Regular or Bushy?

p. 435

Regular Shape

p. 435

Topping

p. 440

How to Make Cannabis Bushes

p. 442

FIM Technique

p. 443

Super-Cropping Technique

p. 443

Super-Cropping

p. 444

Super-Cloning

p. 446

Regular and Bushy

p. 447

Broken Stem Fixes

p. 448

Cloning

p. 450

Automated Hydro Cloning

p. 452

Step-by-Step Guide to Cloning

p. 454

Cloning in Rockwool

p. 458

Advanced Plant Care Techniques

p. 460

Bonsai Clones

p. 462

Increasing Yield

p. 465

Reverting to Vegetative Growth

p. 465

ScrOG Cannabis Rejuvenation

p. 466

Increasing Your Chances of Females

p. 469

JB Haze Guide to Cannabis Regeneration

p. 470

End of the Grow

p. 473

Chapter 14Problem Solver

p. 475

Domestic Pets

p. 476

Pesticides, Herbicides, and Fungicides

p. 476

Pesticides

p. 476

Why Cannabis Resin and Soapy Pesticides Don't Mix

p. 478

Pest Index

p. 478

Ants

p. 479

Aphids

p. 479

Cutworms, Caterpillars, and Larvae

p. 480

Deer

p. 482

Gnats

p. 482

Grasshoppers

p. 482

Groundhogs

p. 483

Mealy Bugs

p. 483

Rabbits

p. 483

Scale

p. 483

Slugs and Snails

p. 483

Spider Mites

p. 484

Termites

p. 484

Thrips

p. 486

Whitefly

p. 486

Woodchucks and Other Small Rodents

p. 486

Pest Predators

p. 487

Beetles

p. 487

Braconid Wasps

p. 487

Bugs

p. 488

Earthworms

p. 488

Frogs

p. 488

Lacewings

p. 489

Ladybird Beetles

p. 489

Mantodea (Praying Mantis)

p. 490

Spiders

p. 490

Recovering from a Pest Invasion

p. 491

Fungi

p. 492

Fungus Botrytis

p. 492

Root Rot

p. 493

Powdery Mildew

p. 494

Chemical Burns

p. 495

Nutrient Deficiencies

p. 496

Nutrient Deficiencies Guide

p. 497

10 Steps to Saving Your Grow

p. 498

No Cure for Bad Genetics

p. 501

Chapter 15Harvesting and Curing Your Cannabis

p. 503

Dealing with Smells

p. 503

Resin Slicks

p. 503

Harvest Indicators

p. 504

Strain Variation at Harvest

p. 506

The Harvest

p. 508

Label Everything

p. 508

Quick Bud Samples

p. 508

Expert Harvest Indication

p. 509

Body and Cerebral Harvesting

p. 511

Reducing Humidity

p. 511

Dark Period Harvesting

p. 512

Harvest Flushing

p. 512

Trichomes and Pistils

p. 513

Indica Harvest

p. 514

Trichomes at Harvest

p. 515

Preliminary Manicuring

p. 516

Industrial Cannabis Harvesters

p. 517

Hand Manicuring

p. 518

Sativa Harvest

p. 520

Drying Times

p. 520

Labeling Trays

p. 524

Manicuring

p. 524

Harvest

p. 528

Professional Trimming

p. 530

Bud Storage Techniques

p. 532

Curing

p. 533

Mold

p. 535

Mold Prevention Techniques

p. 536

Hemp

p. 539

Chapter 16How to Breed Cannabis

p. 543

Making Seeds

p. 544

Pollen Collection and Storage

p. 544

Collecting and Storing Seeds

p. 547

Introduction to Plant Genetics

p. 548

Simple Breeding

p. 550

Continuing a Strain Through Seeds

p. 550

Making a Simple Hybrid

p. 552

Introduction to Plant Genetics

p. 552

Dominant/Recessive and Genetic Notation

p. 552

The Hardy-Weinberg Model Part 1

p. 553

The Test Cross

p. 559

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Part 2

p. 564

Mendel's Pea Plant Experiments

p. 565

How to True-Breed a Strain

p. 567

Advanced Breeding Techniques

p. 570

How to Generate a Clone Mother

p. 572

Autoflowering Hybrids

p. 574

Concluding Thoughts on Breeding

p. 576

Lore of the Lowryder

p. 578

Chapter 17Top Ten

p. 587

Top Ten Landrace Strains

p. 589

Top Ten Indica-Dominant Strains

p. 591

Top Ten Sativa-Dominant Strains

p. 593

Top Ten High-CBD Strains

p. 595

Chapter 18How to Make Hash and Oils

p. 597

Hash

p. 597

Get Your Harvest Right First

p. 597

Trichomes to Hash

p. 598

Gathering the Stalked Capitate Trichomes

p. 600

Easy Hash-Making

p. 600

Grinding and Freezing

p. 600

Cannabis Extraction Processes

p. 601

Skuff

p. 601

Ice Water Hash

p. 602

Screening (Basic Methods)

p. 605

Multiple Screening Method

p. 607

Advanced Screening

p. 608

Screening for Hash

p. 609

Drum Machines

p. 614

Basic Water Extraction

p. 614

Advanced Water Extraction

p. 615

Pressing Resin into Hash

p. 616

Sol vent less Cannabis Oil Extraction (Rosin Tech)

p. 618

Oils

p. 620

Supercritical Fluid Extraction

p. 620

Basic Oil Extraction

p. 625

Butane Extraction

p. 626

Hot Water Butane Evaporation

p. 627

Butane Honey Oil Evaporation

p. 628

Closed Loop System

p. 632

Closed Looping

p. 633

CO 2 - Subcritical Fluid Extraction

p. 639

Tank to Tank CO 2 Extraction

p. 640

Cleaning

p. 640

Thin Film Evaporators

p. 640

Terpenes

p. 641

Bubble Hash

p. 642

Chapter 19How Jo Enjoy Cannabis

p. 645

What is Dabbing?

p. 646

How to Roll a Joint

p. 648

The Equipment

p. 649

How to Make a Tinfoil Pipe

p. 650

How to Make a Bucket Bong

p. 652

Dabbing Safety

p. 653

How to Make a Lightbulb Vaporizer

p. 654

Marijuana Butter Recipe

p. 656

Chapter 20The Cannabis Grow Bible Checklist

p. 659

Endnotes

p. 664

Resources

p. 671

Index

p. 673